University of Chicago Press
In contrast to the traditional legal commentary, I find nuisance law to be a coherent body of rules that serves an explainable function. Nuisance optimally regulates activity levels. Nuisance law induces actors to choose socially optimal activity levels by imposing liability when externalized costs are far in excess of externalized benefits or far in excess of background external costs. The new enforcement actions for lead paint abatement or gun control purposes have an arguable theoretical basis in nuisance law. However, as currently framed, the lawsuits are inconsistent with significant parts of the doctrine and the theory.
Keith N. Hylton,
The Economics of Public Nuisance Law and the New Enforcement Actions
Supreme Court Economic Review
Available at: https://scholarship.law.bu.edu/faculty_scholarship/769
Working paper available on SSRN