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United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit




The NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. (“LDF”) is a nonprofit legal organization that has fought to achieve racial justice and ensure that America fulfills its promise of equality for all. Since 1964, LDF has worked to enforce Title VII of the Civil Rights Act (“Title VII”) by representing individual plaintiffs and plaintiff classes in challenges to discriminatory employment practices engaged in by employers in such cases as Griggs v. Duke Power Co., 401 U.S. 424 (1971); Albemarle Paper Co. v. Moody, 422 U.S. 405 (1975); and Phillips v. Martin Marietta Corp., 400 U.S. 542 (1971). LDF’s victories in these cases were ultimately codified in the Civil Rights Act of 1991.

The Legal Aid Society – Employment Law Center (“LAS-ELC”) is a nonprofit public interest law firm dedicated to protecting and expanding the employment rights of underrepresented worker communities. LAS-ELC’s litigation has long focused on practices which deny equal employment opportunity to members of racial and national origin minority groups. See, e.g., Emporium Capwell Co. v. W. Addition Cmty. Org., 420 U.S. 50 (1975).

D. Wendy Greene is a Professor at the Cumberland School of Law. Professor Greene has developed an international reputation for her scholarship on grooming codes and Title VII.

Angela Onwuachi-Willig is a Professor at Berkeley Law School. She is a leading scholar of law and inequality and writes in a variety of areas, including employment discrimination.

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