American Bar Association
Over the past four decades, the courts and Congress have consistently granted almost unqualified deference to physicians (and medical ethics), at least for treatment decisions made in the context of a consensual physician-patient relationship. The primary exception to this harmonious deference is the 2007 abortion decision of Gonzales v. Carhart, 127 S. Ct. 1610 (2007), and it is reasonable to review our continuing and seemingly intractable legal debate over abortion and the physician's role in it to determine if it could erode judicial and congressional deference to medical judgment in other areas of medical practice and medical ethics.
George J. Annas,
Medical Judgment in Court and in Congress - Abortion, Refusing Treatment, and Drug Regulation
Available at: https://scholarship.law.bu.edu/faculty_scholarship/3532