Cornell Law School
Scholarship has examined many possible ways to encourage the creation and dissemination of art, works of authorship, ideas, and inventions: rights of exclusion (copyrights and patents), prizes, governmental subsidies, private subsidies (including both foundations and patronage), reputation, and so forth. Legal scholars have long recognized that copyright and patent are not the only options. And while some legal academics have mentioned the possibility of groups of users and creators interacting on a voluntary but structured basis, legal scholars did not give much sustained attention to such possibilities until fairly recently.
Wendy J. Gordon,
Discipline and Nourish: On Constructing Commons
Cornell Law Review
Available at: https://scholarship.law.bu.edu/faculty_scholarship/2017