Author granted license

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International

Document Type


Publication Date





The origin of the definition probably lies with everyone's favorite protean decision, Baker v. Selden, 101 U.S. 99 (1879). For example, in 1924, the Second Circuit borrowed from Baker in upholding the copyright in 'Sparky,' a stuffed doll in the shape of a horse. The crucial distinction, which the court quoted from Baker, was the line between, on the one hand, "designs or pictorial illustrations addressed to the taste" whose "object [is] the production of pleasure in their contemplation," and, on the other hand, "methods of useful art [that] have their final end in application and use. "



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.