Title

Utilitarianism

Document Type

Encyclopedia Entry

Publication Date

1996

Editor(s)

Joseph James Chambliss

ISBN

9780815311775

Publisher

Garland Publishing Company

Language

en-US

Abstract

The moral theory that holds that conduct must be judged solely by its consequences, or the more specific version claiming that actions should promote human welfare as much as possible. The generic theory is now called "consequentialism." Consequentialists whose conception of the good consequences to be promoted includes abstract values such as truth or beauty, are said to embrace "ideal utilitarianism." Those who endorse the species known as utilitarianism maintain that the basic value we should serve is the good of individual people.

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