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This draft report examines federal agency hiring practices for administrative law judges ("ALJs"), who preside over formal agency hearings, in light of the Supreme Court's determination that ALJs are constitutional officers and President Trump's executive order to exempt ALJs from certain statutory competitive-service hiring requirements. The report also provides recommendations for best agency hiring practices. Professors Jack Beermann and Jennifer Mascott co-authored this initial draft report. After Professor Mascott stepped down from the Administrative Conference of the United States to work in the Department of Justice's Office of Legal Counsel, Professor Beermann edited the report and produced its final May 2019 version, which is available here:



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