Addis Ababa University
Improper methods of police interrogation are known to every country in the world. And everywhere, it is agreed that an accused's confession of guilt which has been procured through physical violence, psychological intimidation, or improper inducements or promises cannot be considered in evidence against him at trial. The primary reason why involuntary confessions are excluded from evidence is that they are unreliable indices of truth; men have been known to admit crimes of which they are innocent, simply to escape the pain of torture or to obtain an irresistible benefit.
Stanley Z. Fisher,
Involuntary Confessions and Article 35, Criminal Procedure Code,
Journal of Ethiopian Law
Available at: https://scholarship.law.bu.edu/faculty_scholarship/1067