This article answers two key questions. First: Do jurors understand and apply the criminal mental state categories the way that the widely influential Model Penal Code (MPC) assumes? Second: If not, what can be done about it?
Kenneth Simons, Matthew R. Ginther, Francis X. Shen & Richard J. Bonnie,
The Language of Mens Rea,
Vanderbilt Law Review
Available at: http://scholarship.law.bu.edu/faculty_scholarship/18